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Phase 1: Pilot Study of Metformin for Patients with Fanconi Anemia

2018 | Clinical Trial | Akiko Shimamura

Low blood counts due to bone marrow failure are a common complication of Fanconi anemia (FA) which affect health and quality of life. Metformin improves blood counts in mice with FA and may protect against DNA damage. Laboratory studies suggest that Metformin may be protective against aldehydes, whi…

Quercetin chemoprevention for Squamous cell carcinoma in patients with Fanconi anemia

2018 | Clinical Trial | Parinda Mehta

Excessive toxicity from chemotherapy and radiation makes treatment for SCC in FA quite challenging and leads to dismal outcomes, in fact fatal outcomes in most patients. Thus, there is clearly a need for a new approach both for prevention and/or treatment that has fewer and less severe side effects.…

Defining tractable approaches for gene editing of Fanconi Anemia hematopoietic stem cells

2017 | Research Grant | Jacob Corn

My lab has developed a rapid and efficacious Cas9-based approach to introduce programmed sequence changes to human cells with ease. This work takes advantage of our discovery that Cas9 is extremely long-lived on its target DNA, yet releases a flap of single stranded DNA after cleavage. By using Cas…

Engineering Fanconi Anemia Hematopoietic Stem Cells from Human iPS Cells

2017 | Research Grant | George Q. Daley, Grant Rowe

Current therapy for FA is limited to allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), a process associated with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly when an ideally matched donor is not readily available. Therefore, novel therapies that improve or replace SCT are needed. Progress in FA thera…

Field-Coverage Oral Cancer Chemoprevention via Janus Nanoparticles

2017 | Research Grant | Joerg Lahann, Susan Mallery

By virtue of their inability to repair a specific form of DNA damage, persons with Fanconi Anemia (FA) are appreciably more susceptible to development of certain cancers. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which arises from the lining cells of the mouth, occurs at >500 fold higher incidence in ind…

Pilot Study of Metformin for Patients with Fanconi Anemia

2017 | Clinical Trial | Akiko Shimamura

The objective of this proposal is to conduct a pilot study of metformin to treat FA. This pilot study will explore whether Metformin is safe and efficacious in improving hematopoiesis in patients with Fanconi Anemia. We will focus on pediatric and young adult patients with FA to determine safety, to…

TGF-β pathway inhibitors for the treatment of bone marrow failure in Fanconi anemia

2017 | Research Grant | Alan D’Andrea

Fanconi anemia (FA) patients suffer from progressive bone marrow failure due to the defective hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in their bone marrow. The mechanisms of why the HSCs in FA patients are defective remain elusive. Recent studies suggest that DNA damage induced by physiological stress or al…

The prevention of DNA damage in Fanconi anemia HSC by ALDH activators

2017 | Research Grant | Daria Mochly-Rosen, Kenneth Weinberg

The cause of injury and loss of blood-forming stem cells (Hematopoietic Stem Cells, HSC) in Fanconi anemia is due to abnormal repair of a specific type of DNA damage in which two DNA strands get permanently knotted to each other. This type of injury probably occurs frequently but is normally repaire…

Use of triplex-forming PNAs as a strategy for correction of the FA phenotype

2017 | Research Grant | Peter Glazer, Gary Kupfer

As a monogenic blood disorder with potential survival disadvantage, Fanconi anemia has long been considered an attractive target for conventional gene therapy but success has been elusive. Consequently, there has been increasing interest in developing techniques to catalyze correction of the disease…

A Training Grant for Development of a Fanconi Anemia Cohort in Mexico

2016 | Research Grant | Blanche P. Alter

This is a training grant for a medical geneticist from Mexico City, who will develop a registry and subsequently a cohort of patients with FA who reside in Mexico. The project addresses one of the research priorities of the FARF:

Cancer in Heterozygote Carriers of Fanconi Anemia

2016 | Research Grant | Blanche P. Alter

Fanconi anemia increases the risk of cancer as individuals' age. This is likely due to defects in the Fanconi DNA repair pathway that lead to the formation of rare cancer-causing mutations. Fanconi anemia individuals are defective in both copies of a Fanconi gene (one from mom and one from dad) and …

Detection and characterization of ubiquitinated FANCD2 and FANCI

2016 | Research Grant | Andrew Deans

Fanconi anemia is caused by mutations in number of genes involved in DNA repair. Two key players are genes called FANCD2 and FANCI. These genes serve as central regulators of the Fanconi DNA repair pathway. Dr. Deans and others have shown that regulation occurs through the addition or removal of a m…